Athenry, 15 miles east of Galway City, proudly claims to be the finest surviving medieval town in Ireland. Founded about 1235 by the de Bermingham's, as Connachts second major town, it became 'fossilized' after its disastrous sacking in 1579 by Red Hugh O'Donnell. As a result, Athenry still retains more and better medieval monuments than anywhere else in the country. Not only is Athenry's street plan unchanged since medieval times, but its town walls, with wide surrounding moat, five out of six wall towers an done fie arched gateway surviving, are without doubt the most impressive and best of their period.


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